This multi-part feature celebrates the Jewish contribution to dermatology over the past 200 years, as reflected by medical eponyms that honor the names of Jewish physicians. Many of these physicians practiced in Germany and Austria, following the emancipation of Jews in Europe. Part one discusses 17 physicians, who practiced medicine before the Nazi takeover of Germany during 1933. Examples of such eponyms from this period include the Auspitz phenomenon, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, Kaposi's sarcoma, Koebner phenomenon, Koplik spots, Lassar paste, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Unna boot. One of these physicians, Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915) became the first Jew to be awarded the Noble Prize in Medicine or Physiology, an honor he received in 1908 and shared with his fellow Jew, Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (1845-1916).
Parts two and three of this project will present the names of 30 more Jewish physicians honored by medical eponyms and, who practiced medicine during the Holocaust era and its aftermath, including those physicians who perished at the hands of the Nazis.
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