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Milestones 2.0: An advancement in competency-based assessment for dermatology

      Abstract

      In 2013, Next Accreditation System and Milestones became the competency-based assessment framework required for all specialties accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Dermatology residency programs implemented Milestones 1.0 in the 2013-2014 academic year. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education committed to review and revise Milestones 1.0 within 3 to 5 years. Subsequently, feedback from key stakeholders influenced the goals for revision, including reducing complexity, enhancing community engagement, and providing additional resources for programs. In 2019, the Dermatology Milestones 2.0 work group streamlined the specialty-specific patient care and medical knowledge subcompetencies. The harmonized milestones allowed for greater uniformity across specialties in systems-based practice, practice-based learning and improvement, professionalism, and interpersonal communication and skills. The work group developed a supplemental guide with specialty-specific context to help program directors, clinical competency committee members, and other faculty understand individual milestones. Dermatology Milestones 2.0 reduces the number of subcompetencies from 28 to 21. Milestones 2.0 represents an advancement in competency-based assessment for dermatology. The first year of reporting for Dermatology Milestones 2.0 is 2021.
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