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Ethnomedicinal survey on folk dermatology in Transylvania, Romania

      Abstract

      Since beginning of recorded history up to the present day, dermatological disorders have been treated with ethnomedicinal remedies. The aim of this paper is to present ethnodermatological practices in Transylvania, Romania.
      Ethnomedicinal surveys were conducted in 35 villages in Transylvania (2007-2019). The 650 people interviewed were questioned about the treatment of dermatological disorders by drugs derived from plant, animal, human and other origin. Collected data have been compared to earlier records of the regions and other European countries, completed with relevant pharmacological studies of some plants.
      A total of 180 drugs were documented for 45 skin problems including 112 plants, 1 fungus, 19 animal, 5 human and 43 other materials used in 11 preparation forms. Among these, 144 drugs were mentioned in human, 10 in veterinary medicines, and 26 included in both therapies with both overlapping human/animal (e.g. Petroselinum crispum) and specific uses (e.g. Daphne mezereum, Scrophularia nodosa). Compared to data of other countries, local use of 32 plants, and various animals and minerals were described only in the study area.
      The present study demonstrated that ethnomedicinal practices are a valuable source of knowledge for skin diseases highlighted the relevance of field work in the selected regions of Transylvania.

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