Tinea capitis, also known as scalp ringworm, is mainly a childhood infection caused by dermatophytes. It has a high prevalence in the developing world and in northern and western Europe; it is estimated to account for 1% of all superficial fungal infections. Since the last decade, mycotic scalp infection has been subject to change, because it has shown an increasing incidence and changing patterns in epidemiology in the United States as well as in different European countries. To give an answer to this development, different facts have to be considered, like immigration, travel activities, change in the level of surveillance, screening methods, and attempts at diagnosis and treatment. Our attempt in this field was to rule out the current epidemiologic situation of tinea capitis in southeastern Austria as representative of a mid-European localized country.
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